|Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge|
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge comprises 15,978 acres, approximately four-fifths of which is tidal salt marsh. The refuge has one of the largest expanses of nearly unaltered tidal salt marsh in the mid-Atlantic region. It also includes 1,100 acres of impounded fresh water pools, brushy an...
Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge
|Description: The refuge began as a satellite of it’s sister refuge to the north, Bombay Hook. With a small and dedicated staff, the refuge began management of the land especially for wildlife. In 1986, the endangered Delmarva Fox Squirrel was reintroduced to the refuge. With the help of volunteers and community support, a Refuge Headquarters building was completed in 1997. That year also marked the creation of the Friends of Prime Hook, who have been assisting the refuge in its endeavors ever since.
In 2000, Prime Hook became an independent refuge. The refuge has expanded to 10,000 acres with one of the largest freshwater impoundments on the East Coast.
Wildlife to Watch: Strategically located on the Atlantic Flyway, the refuge manages 4,200 acres of freshwater marshes to provide feeding and resting areas for migrating birds in particular, waterfowl and shorebirds. Through a series of dikes and water control structures, the refuge lowers water levels in the spring. Lower water levels allow the growth of annual marsh plants like wild rice, millet and beggars tick. It also provides a place for migrating shorebirds to feed in the spring and nesting areas for wading birds like black-necked stilts in the summer. Higher water levels in the fall and winter make the seeds of annual plants available for the thousands of migrating ducks and geese. Over 100,000 snow geese and 80,000 ducks can be found at the refuge during peak fall migration.
The refuge has almost 2,300 acres of tidal saltmarsh. Refuge saltmarshes are not intensively managed but protect a rapidly diminishing habitat type on the east coast. Tidal saltmarsh communities are particularly important nursing grounds for young fish and crabs.
Special Tips: Hunting for deer, waterfowl, upland game, and webless migratory birds and fishing is allowed on Prime Hook National Wildife Refuge in accordance with state and federal regulations.
Ownership: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Size: 10,000 acres
Closest Town: Milton
Best Seasons for Wildlife Viewing: