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Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge comprises 15,978 acres, approximately four-fifths of which is tidal salt marsh. The refuge has one of the largest expanses of nearly unaltered tidal salt marsh in the mid-Atlantic region. It also includes 1,100 acres of impounded fresh water pools, brushy an...
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Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge
Description: The refuge began as a satellite of it’s sister refuge to the north, Bombay Hook. With a small and dedicated staff, the refuge began management of the land especially for wildlife. In 1986, the endangered Delmarva Fox Squirrel was reintroduced to the refuge. With the help of volunteers and community support, a Refuge Headquarters building was completed in 1997. That year also marked the creation of the Friends of Prime Hook, who have been assisting the refuge in its endeavors ever since.

In 2000, Prime Hook became an independent refuge. The refuge has expanded to 10,000 acres with one of the largest freshwater impoundments on the East Coast.

Wildlife to Watch: Strategically located on the Atlantic Flyway, the refuge manages 4,200 acres of freshwater marshes to provide feeding and resting areas for migrating birds in particular, waterfowl and shorebirds. Through a series of dikes and water control structures, the refuge lowers water levels in the spring. Lower water levels allow the growth of annual marsh plants like wild rice, millet and beggars tick. It also provides a place for migrating shorebirds to feed in the spring and nesting areas for wading birds like black-necked stilts in the summer. Higher water levels in the fall and winter make the seeds of annual plants available for the thousands of migrating ducks and geese. Over 100,000 snow geese and 80,000 ducks can be found at the refuge during peak fall migration.

The refuge has almost 2,300 acres of tidal saltmarsh. Refuge saltmarshes are not intensively managed but protect a rapidly diminishing habitat type on the east coast. Tidal saltmarsh communities are particularly important nursing grounds for young fish and crabs.

Special Tips: Hunting for deer, waterfowl, upland game, and webless migratory birds and fishing is allowed on Prime Hook National Wildife Refuge in accordance with state and federal regulations.

Ownership: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service 
Size: 10,000 acres 
Closest Town: Milton

ParkingHikingHuntingSmall Boats

Best Seasons for Wildlife Viewing:

Wood Duck - photo by USFWS
Use link below please

Driving Directions:
Take US 13 north from Chesapeake Bay Bridge Tunnel. Continue north into Delaware on US 13 or 113 (Pokomoke, MD) to Delaware Route 16. Take Delaware Route 16 east to Delaware Route 1 east of Milton, Stay on Route 16 going east toward Broadkill Beach. At 1.1 miles east of Delaware Route 1 turn left onto Turkle Pond Road (refuge sign posted). Follow Turkle Pond Road, 1.6 mi to office/visitor center.

Map Link

Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge : Wildlife Viewing Area